USS Thresher Sinks - History

USS Thresher Sinks - History

We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

(4/10/63) In the worst post-war US submarine disaster, the USS Tresher sunk in the Altantic with all men aboard. None of the men were recovered.

Declassified documents shed new light on notorious sinking of USS Thresher

Some 25 hours later, while Thresher was nearing test depth during its first deep-dive trials after a nine-month refit, USS Skylark, the submarine rescue ship that was on station at the time, received a garbled message via underwater telephone.

“By mid-afternoon, 15 navy ships were headed to the search area.”

“Minor difficulties, have positive up-angle, attempting to blow,” came the call, and then a final, even more garbled message distinguished by the number “900” at 9:17 a.m.

Sonar technicians reported hearing mysterious “air rushing” noises. They were the last sounds Skylark heard from the 85-metre vessel, equipped with the most advanced weapons and sonar systems available and considered the fastest and quietest submarine of its day.

By mid-afternoon, 15 navy ships were headed to the search area. At 6:30 p.m., the commander of Submarine Force Atlantic ordered Portsmouth Naval Shipyard to notify families that Thresher was missing. They were to start with Irene Harvey, wife of the boat’s skipper, Lieutenant-Commander John Wesley Harvey.

President John F. Kennedy ordered flags lowered to half-staff for four days. It remains the second-deadliest submarine disaster on record, after the French boat Surcouf collided with a freighter in the Caribbean one night in February 1942 and sank with all 130 crew.

A U.S. Navy search vessel found the shattered Thresher 14 months later, lying in five major pieces on the sea floor, 2.6 kilometres beneath the surface. The debris field covered some 134,000 square metres (33 acres).

“The navy investigation remained classified for decades.”

Crews were unable to reach equipment to stop the flooding in time and the ballast tanks failed to work properly.

The incoming water likely shorted out the boat’s electrical systems, it said, shutting down the reactor and causing a critical loss of propulsion, which the sub would have needed to surface. It wasn’t the first time the joints—made by pouring a melted, silver-based filler alloy into the link—had been an issue.

The navy investigation remained classified for decades, spawning a growing list of theories and scepticism surrounding what happened. That is until James Bryant, who commanded three Thresher-class submarines before he retired, sued in 2019 to get the files released. Last year, a judge ordered 3,600 pages declassified. They’ve been coming out in dribs and drabs ever since.

Experts say the latest batch, released in mid-March, proves the U.S. Navy was not covering anything up. The accident, like most disasters, was the result of a series of foul-ups that included but were not limited to a joint failure.

The documents suggest the submarine and its crew were the victims of a deadly arms race, over-confidence in the developing systems aboard their boat, and inadequate training in how to use them.

The first Polaris-class ballistic-missile submarines were entering the fleet, requiring two crews and putting more pressure on the training and certification pipelines.

Historian Norman Friedman, who has written extensively on post-Second World War submarines, told the U.S. Naval Institute News that “under the circumstances, people took chances.”

He said conventional navy thinking at the time was that nuclear-powered systems were sufficiently backed up to ensure propulsion and surfacing capabilities in an emergency. They never considered the possibility nuclear subs could lose power.

The Soviet threat and sense of urgency to counter it was prevalent among the 1960s-era investigators. The U.S. Navy had 28 nuclear-powered submarines in the fleet and 36 more planned when Thresher sank.

The watch in charge had taken 20 minutes to isolate a simulated leak in the auxiliary seawater system during a dockside simulation of flooding in Thresher’s engine room before sailing. At test depth with the reactor shut down, the boat would not have had 20 minutes to recover. Even after isolating a short circuit in the reactor controls, it would have taken nearly 10 minutes to restart the plant.

It was believed at the time that Thresher imploded at between 400 and 610 metres below the surface. Bruce Rule, an acoustic data expert, analyzed the data in 2013 and concluded Thresher imploded at 9:18:24 at a depth of 730 metres—120 metres below her predicted collapse depth.

The implosion took 0.1 seconds. Some might have expected it, but the crew would never have known it happened.

“When you read the court of inquiry [you realize] how complicated the machinery is,” Friedman said, adding that to prevent disaster, crew “have to know where to go instinctively” when something starts to go wrong.

Training and engineering practices aboard nuclear subs were revamped after the Thresher and Scorpion sinkings, the latter with the loss of 99 crew. SUBSAFE was formed to oversee submarine design and construction. It is credited with the fact the U.S. Navy hasn’t lost a submarine in more than half a century.

Four sets of Thresher documents have been released since September 2020, along with two additional sets of related reports Bryant requested. Period testimony from the chief of naval personnel is still to come.

“Thresher was never decommissioned and remains on “eternal patrol.””

Bryant and other experts say the documents’ release is good for the U.S. Navy, putting to rest suspicions of a coverup and confirming that navy brass sought only to prevent operational details from falling into the hands of U.S. adversaries.

Now that the material is declassified, submarine safety instructors “can take it home, read it and take it into the classroom,” said Bryant, adding that graduate engineering students can also use it to better understand how to prevent future accidents from becoming disasters like the one that sank Thresher.

As is navy tradition, Thresher was never decommissioned and remains on “eternal patrol.” The designation derives from the fact that submarine patrols begin at departure from port and end on their return. Hence, the patrol for a sub that sinks never ends.

The navy, meanwhile, continues to monitor environmental conditions surrounding the site and reports that Thresher’s nuclear fuel remains intact.

In 2003, a Chinese diesel-electric submarine with hull number 361 suffered a serious mechanical malfunction during a training exercise that led to the deaths of 70 sailors. The crew is said to have suffocated, though details are limited.

On August 12, 2000, the Russian nuclear-powered submarine K-141 Kursk vanished in the Barents Sea. Russian authorities later determined the vessel sank after a torpedo on board unexpectedly exploded. The first blast then triggered the explosion of several other warheads.

The Russian naval vessel went down with 118 sailors on board. Although twenty-three Russian sailors are believed to have survived the initial catastrophe, the Russian navy was not able to rescue them in time.

How the USS Thresher Disaster Forever Changed the Navy

Here's What You Need to Remember: “The loss of Thresher initiated fundamental changes in the way we do business—changes in design, construction, inspections, safety checks, tests, and more,” said Vice Admiral Bruce DeMars, the Navy’s chief submarine officer in 1988 marking the twenty-fifth anniversary of the loss of the boat. “We have not forgotten the lessons learned. It’s a much safer submarine force today.”

Last fall, the U.S. Navy began to release documents from the investigation into what was the deadliest submarine disaster in U.S. history. However, in September when the first 300 pages from the official inquiry into the sinking of the USS Thresher (SSN-593) were released, the Navy said the documents—released under a court order—revealed few new details on the causing of the sinking.

Last February, U.S. District Court Judge Trevor McFadden ordered the Navy to start to release material related to the lost submarine after U.S. Navy Capt. James Bryant, Retired, had sued the Navy in 2019 to force the release of unclassified investigation documents detailing the submarine’s operation during its final dive. The Navy had previously refused to grant Bryant’s request for records under the Freedom of Information Act.

Bryant was a former commanding officer of the submarine and after retiring from the Navy began to investigate the cause of the sinking—arguing that the even six decades after the loss of the boat, there were valuable lessons to be learned, USNI News reported.

The Navy has maintained roughly 3,600 Thresher-related documents and argued that a classification review was required. After the ruling it took until the autumn for the first of the documents to be released—and as expected, so far little new information has been discovered.

However, the event has never been forgotten.

“The loss of Thresher was a defining event for the submarine service,” said Rear Adm. William Houston, director of the undersea warfare division in the office of the chief of naval operations at the Pentagon, according to a story in the NavyTimes.

It was on April 10, 1963 that the U.S. Navy’s nuclear-powered submarine sank in the Atlantic Ocean with all hands off the coast of New England. One hundred and twenty-nine sailors and civilians were lost when the submarine unexpectedly sank to the sea floor during drills off the coast of Cape Cod. USS Skylark (ASR-20), which was also participating in the drills, received a communication from Thresher that stated that the submarine was experiencing minor problems. That was the last that anyone heard from the doomed sub.

SSN-593 was the lead boat of a class of 3,700-ton nuclear-powered attack submarines. She was built at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in Maine, and was commissioned in 1961 when it began its sea trials including weapon tests in the western Atlantic and Caribbean Sea. After completion of the tests, Thresher returned to her builders for an overhaul.

It was soon after that the submarine was undergoing post-overhaul trials and was accompanied by the submarine rescue vessel USS Skylark. The submarine began conducting deep-diving tests and was lost. Mechanical failures and even Soviet interference have been suggested as the possible causes that lead to the sinking and loss of the submarine. However, a U.S. Navy investigation determined the most probable cause of the accident was a leak in its engine room, which may have resulted from corrosion in its pipes. That in turn may have caused electrical problems.

The disaster also forced improvements in the design and quality control of all U.S. Navy submarines. The Navy also established additional safety procedures, which included the adoption of the SUBSAFE Program. That required that each submarine pass a series of safety tests and since the completion of the effort, the Navy has suffered no further losses of the kind that tragically ended the brief service career of Thresher.

“The loss of Thresher initiated fundamental changes in the way we do business—changes in design, construction, inspections, safety checks, tests, and more,” said Vice Admiral Bruce DeMars, the Navy’s chief submarine officer in 1988 marking the twenty-fifth anniversary of the loss of the boat. “We have not forgotten the lessons learned. It’s a much safer submarine force today.”

The USS Thresher Sinks, Titanic Sinking, Apollo 13 and more

Here’s our regularly-updated selection of films that may be of use to news editors and journalists in covering important anniversaries, contextualising current events or illustrating trending topics.

With the U.K. preparing to exit the European Union on 12 April, take a look back at the history of the EU and the U.K.’s position within it in this archive collection.

The 9 April marks the 60th Anniversary of the announcement of the selection of the ‘Mercury Seven’, the first astronauts NASA would send into space. Members of the group flew on all of the NASA-crewed orbital programs of the 20th Century- Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and the Space Shuttle.

On 9 April 1917, the Battle of Vimy Ridge began, during World War One (1914-1918). Concluding on the 12 April 1917, it was the first instance in which all four divisions of the Canadian Expeditionary Force fought as a cohesive formation. Take a look at how the battle has been remembered here.

On 10 April 1963, the USS Thresher sank, killing 129 of its crew in the deadliest submarine disaster in history. It was also the first nuclear submarine lost at sea, and led to the implementation of SUBSAFE, a rigorous safety programme the U.S. Navy would utilise to test its future submarines.

On 10 April 1998, the Good Friday Agreement was signed. It is recognised to have ended The Troubles in Northern Ireland, with all parties agreeing to democratic and peaceful methods of resolving political issues, and the decommissioning of paramilitary groups. Take a look back at the Troubles in this archive collection.

On 10 April 1912, the RMS Titanic departed Southampton for New York, on her maiden, and final voyage. Striking an iceberg on 14 April 1912, the ship sank on the 15 April, killing over 1,500 people. Look back at the famous disaster in this archive collection, containing rare genuine footage of the ship.

On 10 April 1971, the U.S. table tennis team began their visit to the People’s Republic of China. They were the first American delegation to set foot in the Chinese capital since 1949, and their visit began a series of cultural exchanges and visits which caused a thaw in Sino-American relations.

On 11 April 1961, the trial of Adolf Eichmann began. Eichmann was tried for his involvement in the Holocaust, and during the trial did not deny it or his role in organising it, but claimed that he was simply following orders in Nazi Germany’s totalitarian bureaucracy. He was executed on 1 June 1962.

On 11 April 1970, the Apollo 13 mission launched, the third Apollo mission attempting to land on the moon. On 13 April, disaster struck when the oxygen tanker on the service module exploded, endangering the lives of the crew. However, the mission returned safely to Earth on 17 April.

On 12 April 1861, the U.S. Civil War began, when forces of the Confederate States of America bombarded Fort Sumter. The attack caused the newly-inaugurated President Lincoln to call for 75,000 volunteers to suppress the rebellion, triggering a war which would last for four years.

The 12 April marks Cosmonautics Day, a holiday created in the USSR to commemorate the first manned spaceflight in 1961 by Yuri Gagarin. Gagarin circled the Earth in the Vostok 1 spacecraft for approximately 1 hour and 48 minutes. Other nations have since celebrated the International Day of Human Spaceflight.

On 12 April 1981, the space shuttle was launched for the first time. Coincidentally, this occurred on the 20th Anniversary of the first human spaceflight, given a technical issue which delayed the launch by two days. Space shuttles have been used in many space missions, flying a total mission time of 1322 days, 19 hours, 21 minutes, and 23 seconds.

Happy Birthday to Queen Elizabeth II, who celebrates her 93rd Birthday on 21 April. She’s very lucky, she gets two birthdays- an official one and her actual one, but the 21st marks the latter. Look back on her life in this archive collection.

Navy documents reveal officer flagged "dangerous condition" before deadliest submarine disaster in U.S. history

The Navy began releasing documents from the investigation into the deadliest submarine disaster in U.S. history this week, revealing that the ship's commanding officer noted a "dangerous condition" on the vessel before it was lost. The first of the documents released were 300 pages from the official inquiry into the sinking of the USS Thresher in 1963.

The loss of the nuclear-powered submarine and all 129 men aboard during a test dive in the Atlantic Ocean delivered a blow to national pride during the Cold War and became the impetus for safety improvements.

Yellowed newspapers from April of 1963 declare the tragedy of the USS Thresher. Photographed Tuesday, March 26, 2013. / Getty Images

"The loss of Thresher was a defining event for the submarine service," said Rear Adm. William Houston, director of the undersea warfare division in the office of the chief of naval operations at the Pentagon.

The documents noted that the commanding officer's evaluation of the first year of operations &ndash before additional work was conducted -- included praise for the submarine. But he also said the submarine was overly complex in many areas and he noted a vulnerability of the auxiliary salt water system.

"He stated, 'In my opinion, the most dangerous condition that exists in Thresher is the danger of salt water flooding while at or near test depth,'" the report said.

On April 10, 1963, the Thresher had undergone sea trials and was back in the ocean for deep-dive testing about 220 miles off Massachusetts' Cape Cod. The first sign of trouble was a garbled message about a "minor difficulty" after the 279-foot submarine descended to more than 800 feet.

Trending News

The crew indicated it was attempting to empty ballast tanks in an effort to surface. The crew of an accompanying rescue ship heard something about the "test depth." Then the sailors listened as the sub disintegrated under the crushing pressure of the sea.

Underwater photograph shows a portion of the sunken nuclear-powered submarine 'USS Thresher,' September 1963. / Getty Images

The Navy inquiry found weaknesses in the design and construction of the first-in-class nuclear-powered submarine, which had been built at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in Kittery, Maine, and based in Groton, Connecticut.

On March 4, 1964, nearly a year after the disaster, CBS aired a segment on the Thresher, which was reported by Dan Rather. "All the events of that morning may never be known," Rather said. "Complete answers as to why they happened may never come."

The documents released Wednesday included the timeline of the sinking, evidence lists, reports, testimony and correspondence. But there were some redactions. Even more than 50 years later, technical details including the test depth were redacted.

In the documents, the Navy said it believes an interior pipe burst and caused electrical problems that caused an emergency shutdown of the nuclear reactor.

The brazed joints in pipes were a special concern, and many electrical panels were not adequately protected from sea water in the event of a leak, the report said.

Resting on the ocean floor at a depth of 8,500 feet, the Thresher looks as though it went through a "shredding machine" and is spread out over a mile, University of Rhode Island oceanographer Robert Ballard told The Associated Press in 2013. Ballard used his 1985 discovery of the RMS Titanic as a Cold War cover for surveying the Thresher.

Not everyone was satisfied with the Navy's conclusions.

Retired Capt. James Bryant, commander of a Thresher-class submarine, requested the documents under the federal Freedom of Information Act and ultimately went to court to demand the documents' release. He thinks there's more to be learned from the documents, most of them classified.

Michael Shafer, whose father and uncle both died on the Thresher, said some of the families need to review the documents to see for themselves and fully understand what happened. His suspicion is that the Navy was pushing the limits and placing personnel at risk during the Cold War.

"I want to know the truth, the whole truth. Not some smoke screen from the Navy," he said Wednesday from St. Petersburg, Florida.

Nuclear-powered submarine the 'USS Thresher' steers through the sea, early 1960s. The sub sank in April of 1963, killing the entire crew. / Getty Images

A judge in February ordered the Navy to release the documents. The coronavirus pandemic delayed the review of the documents. Eventually, more than 1,000 pages of documents will be released.

If there was a silver lining, it was that the tragedy so shook the Navy that it accelerated safety improvements and created a program called SUBSAFE, an extensive series of design modifications, training and other improvements.

One submarine has sunk since then, the USS Scorpion in 1968, and it was not SUBSAFE-certified, the Navy said.

Some of the improvements included better welding techniques, and the main ballast tank blow system that helps a submarine reach the surface was made more effective.

Joy MacMillan, one of four siblings who lost their father, the submarine's chief radioman, said it's helpful to know the tragedy spurred safety improvements. But it's still important for the families to have the documents, and some closure.

"After being 57 years in the dark, it's time for the families to know any and all information so that we can put it away," MacMillan said.

A 2019 dedication of a new memorial at Arlington Memorial cemetery to the officers and crew of the USS Thresher, a nuclear submarine that sank in 1963, in Arlington, VA. Photo by Bill O'Leary/The Washington Post via Getty Images

First published on September 26, 2020 / 11:38 AM

© 2020 CBS Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. The Associated Press contributed to this report.

USS Thresher Sinks - History

The New World Order is coming! Are you ready? Once you understand what this New World Order really is, and how it is being gradually implemented, you will be able to see it progressing in your daily news!!

Learn how to protect yourself, your loved ones!

Stand by for insights so startling you will never look at the news the same way again.

NEWS BRIEF: "FER DE LANCE", A Briefing on Soviet Scalar Electromagnetic Weapons by Lt. Col. T.E. Bearden, 1986: Tesla's Big Eye For Remote Viewing,

We have noted the skepticism encountered when we talk about the fact that Tesla's early 1900's technology regarding pulse-beam weaponry has been perfected, allowing scientists of both America and Russia to control the weather, even to the point of using weather as a weapon. Similar skepticism pours forth when we speak of lethal particle beam weapons that can destroy entire fleets of missiles, airplanes, and ships, or annihilate an entire army in seconds. We really encountered skepticism when we say that this HAARP technology can also control the minds of people from thousands of miles away.

We counter this skepticism by noting that history has provided other instances where the prevailing public opinion on something was simply dead wrong. For example:

* In 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered he was going to have great difficulty persuading the Queen of Spain that the world was not flat. Further, Columbus found it very difficult to recruit sailors once he persuaded the Queen because everyone just "knew" that the flat world had an abrupt edge to it, at which point man, beast and ship would plunge into an abyss to who-knows-where? History changed dramatically because one man dared stand up to challenge the "prevailing wisdom".

* In the early 1900's, when many inventors were trying to figure out how to fly heavier-than-air machines, the prevailing "wisdom" among the people was that "if God had wanted man to fly, he would have created him with wings". Fortunately, the Wright Brothers did not believe that bilge anymore than Columbus believed the bilge that the earth was flat. Our world changed rather dramatically following the successful Wright Brothers experiments.

In the modern world following World War II, the Mass Media became increasingly effective in hiding many truths from the American people. Americans today still have trouble believing scientists can control the weather, and even fewer understand that our weapons technology has made such great strides that today's weapons systems in the air, on the ground, and in the ocean are largely obsolete. They are, in fact, sitting ducks for the time when a true enemy begins firing these pulsed beam particle weapons at them.

But, I fear I have gotten a little ahead of myself. Let us review the technological facts from this article, quoted above. The facts of this article were written by a retired Lt. Col, T.E. Beardon, about Soviet Particle Beam Weapons technology. The facts speak for themselves. Listen carefully:

" Nikola Tesla also planned a very special use for his endothermic scalar interferometer. He planned to produce what he called his 'big eye to see at a distance.' This is accomplished as shown on the diagram . the beams are 'scanned' by an open receiver, timewise, from side to side and top to bottom. By scanning yet another single beam through the intersection zone and phasing its pulses, an even better representation can be obtained. Thus the receiver produces a representation of the energy extracted from various locations within the distant endothermic zone. By displaying the received signals on an appropriately scanned screen, a representation of the distant scene in the intersection zone can be created. Indeed this is a special kind of 'microwave interferometry,' and -- with modern techniques -- the imagery obtained might be surprisingly good. With development, it might even become as good as the image presently obtained by side-looking acquisition radars."

" Interestingly enough, since scalar EM beams will easily penetrate the earth or the ocean, one can also look beneath the earth or beneath the ocean with this type of scanning scalar interferometer. The importance of this capability to strategic and tactical reconnaissance is obvious. Camouflage, cover, and concealment have no effect on such a system. One can easily look inside buildings and into underground facilities . "

" It requires little imagination to see that this system is easily adapted to produce an "underwater radar." With such devices, the problem posed by the underwater nuclear submarine is solved. For example, an entire area can be continually searched, much like acquisition radar systems do now. A submarine can be detected and tracked, and none of its ordinary detectors will detect anything out of the ordinary. By using a separate pair of beams in the exothermic mode, powerful scalar pulses can be fired at the distant sub, intersecting at the submarine in a violent EMP throughout the sub and its armament. Thus the sub and all its missiles are destroyed instantly."

Since this technology exists, and is effective, why has our Government continued to spend hundreds of billions of dollars to produce submarines that are literally sitting ducks to this technology? Why do we continue to put the lives of our precious sons and daughters who are serving on these subs? And, finally, why have we been lied to and told that submarines are invisible and virtually undetectable? I remember well the furor caused about 10 years ago when a Japanese manufacturer sold equipment to the Soviets that would enable their submarines to run so silent American ships would have trouble detecting them. We were so angry with the Japanese we instituted some economic penalties against them for a while to "punish" them for their transgression.

In fact, I believe this incident spawned the popular novel and movie, " Hunt For Red October ", written by Tom Clancy. This movie depicts a Soviet technological advance over the Americans in producing a nuclear submarine that could run so silent as to be virtually undetectable by even the best American listening devices. The submarine was nearly as undetectable as it was created to be, and did almost get into position off the American coast where it could launch nuclear missiles from right off our shore.

However, this movie conditioned us to believe a lie. Little did we know that both Americans and Russians possessed particle beam weapons that rendered submarines totally naked and vulnerable. In fact, this technology was not created in the mid-1980's when "Hunt For Red October" was filmed it was created and in place in mid-1963!

In the above scenario, Lt. Col. Beardon discusses how two (2) particle beam weapons -- "scalar EM beams" -- can intersect at the point of a submerged submarine , destroying it quite effectively and violently. Listen again to Lt. Col. Beardon as he discusses another way in which to destroy a submarine.

" . continuous exothermic transmission can be used by the targeting weapon at lesser power, gradually interfering with the sub's electrical systems and causing it to lose control. The sub then sinks to crush depth and implodes. Precisely that scenario seems to be what happened on April 10, 1963, to the U.S.S. Thresher nuclear submarine. It left a signature: the sub's surface companion, the nearby U.S.S. Skylark , was in the "splatter zone" of the underwater scalar interference. That is, spurious EM noise was being generated in all the Skylark's electrical systems, some of which were actually disabled. So intense was the "electronic jamming" that it required over an hour and a half for the Skylark to transmit an emergency message back to its headquarters that the Thresher was in serious trouble and contact with it had been lost. Some of the Skylark's communication systems actually failed, but later resumed operation inexplicably, once the jamming was gone. That type of "jamming" of multiple bands and multiple electronic equipments, of course, together with the anomalous failure of electronic equipment and its later mysterious recovery, were direct signatures of the use of the exothermic scalar interferometer against the undersea target area in the vicinity of the Skylark ."

I well remember the loss of the USS Thresher. It was one of our newest nuclear submarines, the pride of the fleet as I remember. We were just beginning the build-up of our "invincible" submarine capability. This loss spread enough shockwaves throughout the American public as it was can you imagine the absolute panic had the American people understood that the Soviets possessed a "super-beam weapon" that could locate and destroy any submarine in all the world-wide oceans? We were still smarting with self-doubt from the fact that the Soviets had beaten us into space with their Sputnik. Therefore, our Government chose to lie to us, assuring us that the USS Thresher had just sunk because of an "accident" at sea. We were reassured that the rest of our fleet was fine, and not to worry.

But, now we discover that the USS Thresher was lost because it was hit with a "lesser" powerful EM particle beam weapon that caused it to just lose control and sink! Then, to add insult to injury, Lt. Col. Beardon tells us that the Soviets next tested the first declared capability of this EM particle beam weapon to violently destroy a submerged submarine.

" The very next day, Apr. 11, 1963, the same Soviet scalar EM howitzer system was tested in the "destroy submarine" pulse mode. A huge underwater EM blast occurred off the coast of Puerto Rico, about 100 miles north of the island. The underwater explosion caused a huge boiling of the surface of the ocean, followed by the rising up of a giant mushroom of water about a third of a mile high. The mushroom of water then fell back into the ocean, completing the signature."

This effects of this test were observed by a very startled crew of a U.S. jetliner that just happened to be passing over the area of the Soviet test.

The practical ramifications of this entire incident in April, 1963, are enormous.

First, as early as 1963, both Soviets and Americans possessed particle beam technology that made most conventional weapons obsolete. Yet, both America and Russia continued to build just such obsolete airplanes, ships, submarines, and ground forces. The reason for this is quite clear: the Illuminati felt it needed the focus and the effort such a military build-up of obsolete weaponry provided. The Dialectic Process called for a long period of a "Cold War" in which Thesis [Western Powers] and Antithesis [Communism] "battled" each other without destroying the other, so the end result of the Synthesis system [New World Order] could be established. The Report From Iron Mountain also made it quite clear that the Illuminati considered a national effort at defense or an open-ended Space Program to be quite useful in organizing and controlling the masses even while their ultimate destruction and enslavement was drawing nearer.

Secondly, the fact that American leaders -- from President John F. Kennedy downward -- did nothing to retaliate against the Russians for the hostile destruction of a state-of-the-art nuclear submarine demonstrates very effectively the fact that American leaders consider the Russians to be co-compatriots in the struggle for a New World Order, and not the enemies we believe them to be. This is one of the nasty little secrets of the Secret Society Illuminists. American leaders from President Eisenhower to Clinton consider the Russians to be co-conspirators in the struggle to achieve the New World Order. In their eyes, the Russians are really their allies. It is the average peoples of the world that need to be deceived until the plan is completed. Literally, New World Order author and leader, Peter Lemesurier, scored a direct hit on this terrible reality when he said:

"Their script is now written . Most of the main actors . have already taken up their roles. Soon it will be time for them to come on stage, ready for the curtain to rise." [ Armageddon Script , p. 252 Emphasis added]

Lemesurier was speaking of the specific time in which Antichrist will arise on the world stage. However, this scripted "struggle" between Thesis [Western Powers] and Antithesis [Communism] in order to produce Synthesis [New World Order] has been going on now since 1917, the time of the Russian Communist revolution. We demonstrate in Seminar 2, " America Determines The Flow of History " that Lenin and his compatriots were secretly taken by German military train into Russia where they joined forces armed, trained and funded by the German Illuminati. Once ready, they launched the revolution that brought down the Czarist Government, instituting Communism. At that moment, Albert Pike's demonic vision as to how to establish the New World Order took its first step toward completion. [Read NEWS1015 for full details]

Our point is that a global script began at this time in world history and has not stopped yet. The scripted play is incredibly sophisticated and controlled by supernatural Guiding Spirits serving Lucifer. But, scripted they are, and you need to thoroughly understand this fact.

Thirdly, what was the real purpose of the " Hunt For Red October ", if our top military and civilian leadership knew all along that submarines are obsolete sitting ducks? Remember that all of Hollywood exists simply and only to condition the masses so that they can be manipulated into accepting the horrors of the coming global Kingdom of Antichrist. I believe it likely that the purpose of this movie was to hide from our eyes the fact that particle beam technology exists and is terribly effective. At all costs, the Illuminati wants to hide the existence of particle beam technology from you and I, because they are right now using it against us, to enslave us, and the less we know of the weaponry being aimed right at us, the more likely we are to be conquered.

Now, we invite you to examine the diagram, above, of how this EM particle beam weapon works. This weaponry principle can be set on any platform , i.e., airplane, ship at sea, land-based station, and probably satellite. It can bombard its target with either beams that will destroy it outright, or by beams of lesser strength that would disable the target's electronics and cause it to go out of control. If the target is an airplane, the lesser strength beam would cause it to lose altitude and crash if the target is a submarine, the lesser beam would cause its electronics to malfunction to the point of causing it to lose control and sink, just as the USS Thresher did on April 10, 1963.

With this capability in aircraft in mind, let us now turn to the latest book on HAARP beam technology from Dr. Nick Begich, " Earth Rising: The Revolution. Towards A Thousand Years of Peace ". Dr. Begich is describing the capabilities of HAARP-type beam weaponry, and the surprising vulnerability of certain modern, state-of-the-art aircraft.

"The world has changed significantly for air travellers in the 1990s. New generation aircraft, such as the Airbus A319/320/321/330/340 series and the Boeing B777, are now in service. These aircraft are 'fly-by-wire' -- their primary flight control is achieved through computers. The basic maneuvering commands which a pilot give to one of these aircraft through the flight controls is transformed into a series of inputs to a computer, which calculates how the physical flight controls shall be displaced to achieve a maneuver, in the context of the current flight environment. These kinds of fly-by-wire systems are very susceptible to radio interference as well as other wireless interference, which is one of the reasons we cannot use radios, televisions, cell phones and the like on aircraft and no electric devices at all during takeoffs and landings . A part of our earlier discovery of the HAARP system was its potential use as an electromagnetic pulse weapon (EMP). These weapons are intended to deliberately cause this effect on electronic systems such as these. By their own press releases the military acknowledges their interest in these matters. As was reported in Aviation Week & Space Technology , 'The U.S. Army, like the Air Force, is developing weapons that generate electromagnetic pulses (EMP) to disable aircraft and vehicles. One set of targets is the 'fly-by-wire- systems of electronic sensors and computers that keep aircraft stable'. ["Army Prepares For Non-lethal Combat", 5/24/93, EPI699] Since that article was written, these systems have been perfected."

Now, let me get this straight. Today's American military possesses the HAARP-type EMP weaponry to disable the electronics of the latest Airbus and Boeing commercial aircraft!! They can use either a strong beam which would knock the plane out of the sky, or they could use the lesser beam that would simply destroy the electronic control systems so the plane would lose control and seemingly fall out of the sky for "mysterious" reasons!

With this knowledge in mind, I think we need to look at certain aircraft disasters of recent memory, especially the Egypt Air 990 flight. I believe this was a very late-model Boeing aircraft, as well. But, that is the stuff of another story.

One final note is worthy of mentioning. Earlier, in discussing the fact that American leaders secretly consider both the Russians and Chinese as co-conspirators in the implementation of the New World Order Plan, we said that Presidents from Eisenhower to Clinton have secretly considered these leaders to be friends. Since this is the case, against whom are we building our sophisticated weapons systems?

Whom does the Illuminati consider their enemy?

* They consider their enemy to be excess population in the world, which is why they plan to annihilate two-thirds of them soon after the Antichrist arises.

* Illuminists consider American Industrial Civilization to be an enemy.

* Illuminists consider Christians to be an enemy.

* Illuminists consider the current system of Representative Democracy to be their enemy.

Doubt it not: these are the groups against whom our military is aiming their weapons. We have just been conditioned all these years to believe our weapons were being created to protect us from the Russians and Chinese, and other "rogue" states. As we have demonstrated in our articles revealing the hidden hexagram with the intersecting lines in Hope, Arkansas, powerful Illuminist witchcraft is operating in this land. Innocent people by the hundreds, even thousands, are being killed to further the aims of the Illuminati. [Read NEWS1344, NEWS1347, NEWS1350, and NEWS1351 for full details]

Truly, the Apostle Paul was correct when he said: "Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils Speaking lies in hypocrisy having their conscience seared with a hot iron". [1 Timothy 4:1-2]

No one could have possibly defined the Illuminati in a better manner. We are in the end of the End Times.

Are you spiritually ready? Is your family? Are you adequately protecting your loved ones? This is the reason for this ministry, to enable you to first understand the peril facing you, and then help you develop strategies to warn and protect your loved ones . Once you have been thoroughly trained, you can also use your knowledge as a means to open the door of discussion with an unsaved person. I have been able to use it many times, and have seen people come to Jesus Christ as a result. These perilous times are also a time when we can reach many souls for Jesus Christ, making an eternal difference.

If you have accepted Jesus Christ as your personal Savior, but have been very lukewarm in your spiritual walk with Him, you need to immediately ask Him for forgiveness and for renewal. He will instantly forgive you, and fill your heart with the joy of the Holy Spirit. Then, you need to begin a daily walk of prayer and personal Bible Study.

If you have never accepted Jesus Christ as Savior, but have come to realize His reality and the approaching End of the Age, and want to accept His FREE Gift of Eternal Life, you can also do so now, in the privacy of your home. Once you accept Him as Savior, you are spiritually Born Again, and are as assured of Heaven as if you were already there. Then, you can rest assured that the Kingdom of Antichrist will not touch you spiritually.

If you would like to become Born Again, turn to our Salvation Page now.

We hope you have been blessed by this ministry, which seeks to educate and warn people, so that they can see the coming New World Order -- Kingdom of Antichrist -- in their daily news.

The USS Thresher was the nuclear-powered attack submarine. It sank while performing deep-diving tests in 1963. It was travelling in a depth of 1,300 feet at the time of the accident. The accident took lives of 129 men onboard, which is one of the highest submarine death tolls in history.

The Kursk was the Russian Oscar II-class submarine that sank in the Barents Sea due to the leak of hydrogen peroxide that led to the detonation of a warhead. The explosion was equivalent to 7 tons of TNT and was registered on seismographs across Europe. It killed all crew members.

History's Mystery: What Sank the Navy Submarine USS Thresher?

Key point: Bad parts were most likely to blame for the sub's untimely demise.

What sank Thresher? The best available theory is the extensive use of silver brazing on piping throughout the ship. An estimated three thousand silver-brazed joints were present on the ship, and the theory goes that up to four hundred of them had been improperly made. Experts believe that a pipe carrying seawater experienced joint failure in the aft engine spaces, shorting out one of the main electrical bus boards and causing a loss of power.

In the United States Navy, submarines lost at sea are said to be on “eternal patrol.” One such submarine was USS Thresher. Meant to be the first in a new generation of fast nuclear-attack submarines, today it rests in more than eight thousand feet of water, along with its crew. Thresher is one of two American submarines lost since the end of World War II.

In the mid-1950s, the U.S. Navy was still pushing nuclear propulsion out to the submarine fleet. USS Nautilus, the world’s first nuclear submarine, had just been commissioned in 1954, and nine classes of submarines were created, including the Sailfish, Barbel, Skate and Skipjack classes, before the Navy felt it had a design worthy of mass production. Preceding classes of nuclear submarines were built in small batches, but Thresher would be the first class to build more than five. Altogether fourteen Threshers would be built.

The Threshers were designed to be fast, deep-diving nuclear attack submarines. They were the second class, after the pioneering Skipjack class, designed with the new streamlined hull still in use today. They were the first submarines to use high strength HY-80 steel alloy, which was used through the 1980s on the Los Angeles class.

The submarines were just 278 feet long, with a beam of thirty-one feet. They weighed 4,369 tons submerged, making them about 30 percent larger than the Skipjacks. Their S5W pressurized water reactor drove two steam turbines, which turned a single propeller to a combined thirty-thousand-shaft horsepower. This gave them a surface speed of twenty knots, and thirty knots submerged. This was a noticeable improvement over the underwater speed of the older Skate class, which could manage only twenty-two knots underwater.

The ship primary sensor was a BQQ-2 bow-mounted sonar, the first bow-mounted sonar in any American attack submarine. This necessitated moving the four torpedo tubes amidships, an arrangement that is carried on to this day in the Virginia-class subs. The submarines could carry Mark 37 homing torpedoes, Mark 57 deep-water mines, Mark 60 CAPTOR mines and the SUBROC antisubmarine weapon. The Thresher would be a powerful addition to the U.S. Navy’s submarine fleet.

On April 9th, 1963, USS Thresher was conducting dive tests 220 miles east of Cape Cod. Though it had been in service for two years, the U.S. Navy was still attempting to determine the true strength of its hull. At the time of the incident it was reportedly at a test depth of 1,300 feet, with the submarine rescue ship USS Skylark waiting above. Onboard were its standard complement of sixteen officers and ninety-six enlisted, plus seventeen civilian contractors on board to observe the tests.

At 9:13 a.m., fifteen minutes after reaching test depth, Thresher reported to Skylark, “Experiencing minor difficulties. Have positive up angle. Am attempting to blow [ballast tanks]. Will keep you informed.” Two more garbled messages followed, then a sound “like air rushing into an air tank.” Thresher was never heard from again. Its hull was found at the bottom of the ocean, under a mile and a half of water, ruptured into six pieces.

What sank Thresher? The best available theory is the extensive use of silver brazing on piping throughout the ship. An estimated three thousand silver-brazed joints were present on the ship, and the theory goes that up to four hundred of them had been improperly made. Experts believe that a pipe carrying seawater experienced joint failure in the aft engine spaces, shorting out one of the main electrical bus boards and causing a loss of power.

But a loss of electrical power was only half of the problem. According to Navy testimony provided in 2003 to the House Science Committee, the crew was unable to access vital equipment to stop the flooding. As the submarine took on water, the ballast tanks failed to operate. Investigators believe restrictions on the air system and excessive moisture in the air system led to a buildup of ice in the ballast valves, preventing them from being blown and counteracting the effects of the flooding.

The U.S. Navy immediately moved to prevent such as tragedy from happening again. Less than two months later it created SUBSAFE, a program designed to ensure the structural integrity of submarine hulls at pressure and, if an emergency occurred, ensure that the submarine could safely surface. It established submarine design requirements and certified construction procedures “as specific as cataloging the source of alloy for each piece of equipment that is SUBSAFE approved.”

The creation of SUBSAFE lead directly to tougher—and safer—submarines. (Another U.S. Navy submarine, Scorpion, was lost in 1968 but there is no conclusive explanation for the sinking.) In 2005, the USS San Francisco collided with a seamount at maximum speed—an estimated thirty miles an hour at a depth of 525 feet. SUBSAFE’s careful watch over submarine design and manufacture is credited with ensuring the San Francisco not only failed to sink, but that only one sailor died and the ship could even make it back to Guam on its own power. Although the loss of Thresher to eternal patrol was a painful one, the reforms undertaken by the Navy ensured the 129 lives lost would not be in vain.

Kyle Mizokami is a defense and national security writer based in San Francisco who has appeared in the Diplomat, Foreign Policy, War is Boring and the Daily Beast. In 2009 he cofounded the defense and security blog Japan Security Watch. You can follow him on Twitter: @KyleMizokami. This first appeared in 2017.

USS Thresher Sinks - History

Checkered, fraught with drama, and wholly absorbing, the history of the submarine is as much about the quirky personalities of those behind development of undersea vehicles as it is about the remarkable successes and often tragic defeats they met with. In this illustrated timeline of what submariners call simply 'boats,' follow the progress of invention over four centuries, from the first working submarine built in 1623 to the most advanced marine machine ever to sail the seas, the USS Seawolf, launched in 1997.

For a comprehensive illustrated history, click on the year ranges below. Or, if you just want a quick sketch, simply read the outline below.

Brayton Harris is the author of The Navy Times Book of Submarines: A Political, Social, and Military History (Berkley Books, 1997) and Blue & Gray in Black & White: Newspapers in the Civil War (Brassey's, 1999). He spent 22 years on active duty with the U.S. Navy, retiring in 1978 with the rank of captain.

All images in this feature are courtesy of Capt. Brayton Harris, USN (retired).

Watch the video: Lost Subs Disaster At Sea 2002