HMS Striker

HMS Striker


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HMS Striker

HMS Striker was an Attacker class escort carrier that took part in operations off the Norwegian coast during 1944, as well as playing a part in the D-Day landings and escorting convoys to Russia. In 1945 she joined the British Pacific Fleet, where she served as a replenishment carrier.

The Striker was built by the Western Pipe & Steel Corp, San Francisco. She was launched as USS Prince William (CVE-19) and completed on 29 April 1943.

In July 1945 six Bofors guns were added in single mountings, and the number of 20mm cannon was reduced to four.

1943

By the summer of 1943 the Striker was in a British port converting to Royal Navy standards of construction and equipment. In the third quarter of 1943 she was being prepared for anti U-boat duties and later in the year she began to escort convoys across the Bay of Biscay and to North Africa.

1944

On 16 January, while escorting a convoy, a Ju 290 was spotted from the bridge of the Striker at a range of 32 miles. Two Hurricanes was launched, spotting the German aircraft themselves at a range of 20 miles. The chase lasted until the aircraft were seventy miles from the convoy, before the Ju 290 escaped into some clouds.

On 26 April the Striker was part of a force including the Victorious, Furious, Searcher, Pursuer and Emperor that attacked a south-bound convoy off Bödö, damaging all four merchant ships and one of the escorts. Five aircraft were lost.

On 6th, 8th, 14th, 15th May and 1 June 1944 aircraft from Victorious, Furious, Searcher, Striker and Emperor took part in a series of naval strikes off the Norwegian coast, sinking or seriously damaging six merchant ships, one escort vessel and two armed trawlers (all five carriers were not involved in all five attacks). Emperor, Searcher and Striker took part in the attack on 8 May, against a northbound convoy off Kristiansund. Emperor and Striker were involved in the attack on 14 May, damaging one ship at Rorvik, north of Trondheim.

Nine officers and men from Striker, Royalist and Emperor won awards for their part in Operation Potluck, the carriers strikes against the Norwegian coast.

On 19 June Fencer and Striker moved north of the D-Day invasion area, and tried to use bogus W/T traffic to convince Germans that the feared attack on their northern coasts was coming. The limited endurance of the carrier's destroyer escorts meant that the operation had to end before any positive results could be observed.

During the period between May and July the Striker spent some time operating on anti-submarine duties with the escort groups. Between them six escort carriers spent 58 days at sea on this duty during those months.

Striker and Vindex formed part of the escort for the outbound Russian convoy JW.59, which left Scapa on 16 September. One U-boat was claimed on the outward journey, and another was attacked by Vindex's Swordfish during the return convoy (RA.59) before being sunk by surface forces.

The Striker returned to escort the outgoing Russian convoy JW.60, alongside HMS Campania. This convoy left Scapa Flow on 16 September, arriving at Kola Inlet without incident. On the night of 29-30 September, during the return journey aircraft from Campania sank U-921

1945

By the start of March 1945 the Striker was serving as a replenishment carrier with the British Pacific Fleet, a role she continued to fulfil until VJ Day, helping to supply the fleet during operations against Sakishima. In August 1945 she formed part of Task Force 112, supporting operations off Japan, before sailing to the fleet's base at Manus later in the month.

The Striker was returned to the US Navy on 12 February 1946.

Squadron

No.824 Squadron transferred from the Unicorn on 27 October 1943 and remained on the Striker for much of the next year, before disbanding on 16 October 1944.

Displacement (loaded)

10,200t standard
14,170t deep load

Top Speed

18.5kts

Range

Length

491ft 7in to 496ft 1in oa

Armaments

18-24 aircraft
Two 4in/50 US Mk 9 guns in one two-gun mounting
Eight 40mm Bofors guns in four two-gun mountings

Crew complement

646

Launched

7 May 1942

Completed

29 April 1943

Returned to US

1946


West Ham’s banter era of strikers: a horrible history of filthy, filthy dross

Marko Arnautovic was arguably West Ham United's biggest attacking success of the last decade or so. When you consider that he got sent off in his second appearance, took 14 games to score his first goal and left under a cloud after just two seasons, that gives you a good idea of how well the rest have done.

Sebastien Haller, the £45m Eintracht Frankfurt signing designed to catapult the Irons into Europe, is also leaving, according to reports. So here’s a guide to exactly what we’re dealing with. The worst part is that nobody has been left out, save for the likes of Alessandro Diamanti and Savio Nsereko who were more &lsquoforwards’ than &lsquostrikers’ (if we’re being incredibly generous in the latter’s case).


HMS Striker (D12)

The name Prince William (CVE-19) (earlier AVG-19 then ACV-19) was assigned to MC hull 198, a converted C3 laid down by the Western Pipe and Steel Company, San Francisco, California, 15 December 1941.

Designated for transfer to the Royal Navy under the Lend-Lease Agreement, she was renamed and launched as HMS Striker (D12), 7 May 1942 redesignated ACV-19, 20 August 1942 delivered to the United States Navy 28 April 1943 and transferred to the Royal Navy 18 May 1943. Redesignated CVE-19, on the US Navy List, 15 July 1943. During November and December 1944, she was in transit between Scotland and Australia with HMS Fencer ferrying Mosquito aircraft for use in the Far East Theatre. From March to August 1945 the ship was part of the British Pacific Fleet attached to the 30th Aircraft Carrier Squadron as its flagship. [1] She served with the Royal Navy throughout the remainder of World War II.

She was returned to the US Navy, at Norfolk, 12 February 1946 struck from the Naval Register, 28 March 1946 and sold to the Patapsco Steel Scrap Co., Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 5 June 1948 and scrapped.


Design and description [ edit ]

There were eight Attacker class escort carriers in service with the Royal Navy during the Second World War. They were built between 1941 and 1942 by Ingalls Shipbuilding and Western Pipe & Steel shipyards in the United States, both building four ships each. ΐ]

The ships had a complement of 646 men and crew accommodation was different from the normal Royal Navy's arrangements. The separate messes no longer had to prepare their own food, as everything was cooked in the galley and served cafeteria style in a central dining area. They were also equipped with a modern laundry and a barbershop. The traditional hammocks were replaced by three-tier bunk beds, eighteen to a cabin which was hinged and could be tied up to provide extra space when not in use. Α]

The ships dimensions were an overall length of 492.25 feet (150.04 m), a beam of 69.5 feet (21.2 m) and a height of 23.25 ft (7.09 m). They had a displacement of 11,420 long tons (11,600 t) at deep load. Β] Propulsion was provided by four diesel engines connected to one shaft giving 8,500 brake horsepower (BHP), which could propel the ship at 17 knots (31 km/h 20 mph). Γ]

Aircraft facilities were a small combined bridge–flight control on the starboard side and above the 450 feet (140 m) x 120 feet (37 m) flight deck, Δ] two aircraft lifts 42 feet (13 m) by 34 feet (10 m), and nine arrestor wires. Aircraft could be housed in the 260 feet (79 m) by 62 feet (19 m) hangar below the flight deck. Β] Armament comprised two 4"/50, 5"/38 or 5"/51 in single mounts, eight 40 mm anti-aircraft gun in twin mounts and twenty-one 20 mm anti-aircraft cannons in single or twin mounts. Β] They had the capacity for up to eighteen aircraft which could be a mixture of Grumman Martlet, Hawker Sea Hurricane, Vought F4U Corsair fighter aircraft and Fairey Swordfish or Grumman Avenger anti-submarine aircraft. Β]


The British Colonization of Botany Bay: A Brutal Encounter

Botany Bay in Sydney, Australia has had human habitation for thousands of years. But when Captain James Cook led arrived in 1770 with his British ship HMS Endeavour, it changed its direction greatly. Here, Spencer Striker tells us about what happened after the British arrived – and its negative effect on the native Aboriginal communities.

Botany Bay, a watercolour by Charles Gore from the late 1780s.

A penal colony

Back in 1770, the British, under the command of Lieutenant James Cook, landed in Australia for the first time, in what is known as the Botany Bay. Thus far, the land belonged to many Aboriginal tribes who were indigenous and were believed to reside there for the previous 5,000 years. This landing of the British in the island marked a historical turning point, from which onwards Australia was considered a profitable colony for the British Empire. What attracted the British were the wide variety of flora and fauna, and Cook decided to name the bay Botany Bay, for its botanical biodiversity. An interesting fact that is relatively unknown, is that the land was not used as a plantation as many colonies were, but as a place where convicts and prisoners of the British Empire were relocated, but not under any restrictions. Practically, the British were said to use Botany Bay as a place to 'dump convicts' and other felons, for British reasons and interests, one of which included lumbering, despite the harm this caused to the native populations and the natural habitat.

The rich resources

Like the plantation colonies of the Caribbean islands, the Australian colonies were results of the ‘push and pull’ factors of competitive capitalism. The needs of the huge empire were enormous, and Australia's rich land, with untouched forests and natural resources, was valuable for the capitalist interests of the time. The colonizing processes included mining, agricultural activities, lumbering of the forests, and the usage of the large water resources. However, it is important to understand the strategic significance of the colonization of Australia, as a position that facilitated remote control over the "Indo-China trade routes”. Upon arrival, the economic system they established in the natives’ land was liberal, claiming the land for the financial interests of Britain, and the Crown. The relocation of the convicts in Australia saved the need for social reform in Britain. Another colonizing factor could be considered the widely accepted philosophy of spreading ‘European’ socio-political and cultural influence over foreign territories, across borders and boundaries.

Terra Nullius

When the British colonizers came, they considered the land ‘terra nullius’, which means 'empty land', and is a term used in post-colonial studies to explain the colonizer's ideology behind colonization and indigenous genocide. By considering land empty, the British considered the indigenous tribes of Australia less than humans, and they justified their atrocities against them for the sake of their Empire. It can be seen that this philosophy of 'terra nullius' has an enormous impact on Australia since the descendants of these Aboriginal natives still suffer from racism. The Aboriginals, however, were very advanced culturally, and their existence revolved around spirituality and tribal practices in "respect for the sanctity of life." By considering the land empty, the settlers reduced the Aboriginals to the state of ‘bare life’, a concept used to describe how people stripped of their human rights are treated exceptionally, not very different from animals. In addition to that, this imperialist concept also denoted that the lands were declared British property, and the treatment of the natural habitat and environment fell under the hands of the Empire. Therefore, the Australian land suffered from ecocide, as well, as thoughtless wasting of the natural resources and exhaustive cultivation of land, along with deforestation, led to the damage of its natural diversity.

A case of genocide

In contrast to the colonialists, the tribes were peaceful, and whatever conflicts arose “didn’t result in warfare.” With the arrival of the British, a physical genocide of the Native population was practically inevitable, since diseases foreign to the land were devastating for the population. However, the British effectively forged a chemical and physical war against the Natives by importing dangerous viruses. Death was obliterating the Native population, with diseases such as "smallpox, syphilis, typhoid, whooping cough, diphtheria, tuberculosis, measles, dysentery, and influenza." The British settlers’ chauvinistic approach caused not only the death of vast numbers of the native population, but it also resulted in a sort of cultural genocide, or as is referred to in post-colonial studies, an "ontological violence" that did not allow room for the bare existence of the Native population in their own land. Similar cases of colonization and genocide took place in the New World, with the arrival of Columbus in America in 1492. The very same "dispossession, with ruthless destructiveness" of the land, their people, and their culture shaped the future of the continent in ways difficult to untangle.

The history of this colonization is recorded in detail, but rarely is the side of the Aboriginal people represented, for whom this first encounter with the British was in fact an invasion of their land. Revisiting historical archives can always shed light on shadowy historical events, and it has been giving voice to the under-represented people, who can now come into the center of the hegemonic representation and tell their story as well.

Jiemba and the Death of the Rainbow Serpent

Jiemba is a fictitious character of the Eora tribe, who were the Aboriginal people around Sydney, and they even had sub-tribes with variations in languages. They used to call the Botany bay 'the blue bay' and they have been native to their land since their development and domination over animals. Their civilization was blooming, until the British came with their ship "bringing with them sickness and aggression."

Jiemba's story starts around 1795, although the very first 'white men' as he calls them were spotted seven years before.

With the help of the newly-published book History Adventures, World of Characters Revolutions & Industrialization, 1750 – 1900 by Spencer Striker, we get a glimpse of what it was like for a common aboriginal man to witness the first British ship arrival. Through the story of Jiemba, the indigenous witness, we can get closer to a wider view of the events, that represents both parties and allows us to see the complex history of the colonization of Australia by the great power that Britain was.

History is a fascinating subject, so why is it that so many students struggle with it? It's because of the way it is taught. Just being pumped full of names, events, and dates takes all the real meaning out of it. It's the stories and characters behind the happenings that make it memorable, which is what makes Spencer Striker PhD's interactive digital history book, History Adventures, World of Characters, Revolutions & Industrialization, 1750 – 1900 , so interesting.

Agamben, G. Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life. Trans. Daniel Heller-Roazen. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1998.

Banner, Stuart. "Why Terra Nullius-Anthropology and Property Law in Early Australia." Law & Hist. Rev. 23 (2005): 95.

Genger, Peter. "The British Colonization of Australia: An Exposé of the Models, Impacts, and Pertinent Questions." Peace and Conflict Studies 25.1 (2018): 4. p. 2.

Gillen, Mollie. "The Botany Bay decision, 1786: convicts, not empire." The English Historical Review 97.CCCLXXXV (1982): 740-766.


Striker: History of a Definition

This past June/July, I spent a couple of weeks hanging out over at another LDS-themed website. I had been induced to visit this other site because I became aware my name was being used in vain.

I learned a few useful things as a result of that interaction, because some of those participating in that forum had knowledge I did not yet have. They didn’t cause me to question any of my primary theses regarding Nauvoo events, but they did make me wonder about my use of the term “striker” to describe the seducers who were telling women it was acceptable to participate in illicit intercourse. The strident critics on that other site claimed I was entirely wrong in the use of this one word. They pulled up various citations from the mid 1800s that indicated “striker” was a term that seemed to convey the idea of political activism. So I was planning to remove the term “striker” from a future update of my book, Reluctant Polygamist.

Luckily, I hadn’t gotten around to excising “striker” from my book. It turns out the term means what I thought it meant, and the word would have been even more upsetting and pertinent than I realized.

Not given to wine, no striker

The term striker is used in the King James Bible in the epistles Paul wrote to Titus and Timothy regarding qualifications for a bishop. 1 The original greek is πλήκτην, which Bible Hub tells us means “striker.” Google is even less helpful, telling us πλήκτην means “pliktin.”

Most modern Bible commentaries inform us that pliktin means a “pugnacious man.” And perhaps that’s all that Paul meant. But what did the scholars translating the Bible think “striker” meant? Why did they include striker when they had already listed “brawler” in the list of nasty traits a bishop ought not have?

Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre but patient, not a brawler, not covetous…

Striker as Wencher or Lewd Man

Back in 1913 when people still read the Bible and labor disputes involving work stoppages were a new phenomenon, Webster’s dictionary listed the following meanings for “striker“:

Strik´er

n. 1. One who, or that which, strikes specifically, a blacksmith’s helper who wields the sledge.
2. A harpoon also, a harpooner. “Wherever we come to an anchor, we always send out our strikers, and put out hooks and lines overboard, to try fish.” – Dampier.
3. A wencher a lewd man.
4. A workman who is on a strike.
5. A blackmailer in politics also, one whose political influence can be bought.

Note that the definition “wencher” is listed before either “a workman on strike” or “a blackmailer in politics”. Ah, the days when understanding the Bible was more important than unions and politics.

I believe it was this entry from the online Webster Dictionary that persuaded me to use the Expositor term “striker” as my term for the seducers in Nauvoo circa 1841-1842.

What did the King James Bible Translators think Striker Meant?

I was content to find an online dictionary that provided wencher as a definition for the term striker. But my husband likes to check what I say. It’s a delightful trait, leading him to do such things as review the entire Hancock County census for 1840 to ensure I’m not irresponsible in suggesting William Clayton’s reference to a transgressing “B. Y.” meant Brigham Young (Brigham Young was the only “B. Y.” in the entire county). The few times my beloved catches me out, I am enlightened and made better.

So though I was sufficiently content, my beloved continued the search, noting that a different online dictionary indicated the wencher meaning was archaic.

By searching for “striker” and “wencher” together, my husband found Gordon Williams’s amazing work “A Dictionary of Sexual Language and Imagery in Shakespearean and Stuart Literature.” 2 The 1616 pages of content (which one reviewer states is insufficiently comprehensive) can be purchased for a mere $1,463.90. Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1589 and 1613. The Stuart period in English history (1603-1714) began with King James I, the same man who commissioned the King James Bible, a translation which began in 1604 and was completed in 1611.

Gordon Williams’s sexual language dictionary could not be more pertinent to the question of what the King James Bible translators meant when they wrote that a bishop should be “no striker…”

Striker is discussed starting on page 1332, stating that Striker means “virile whoremonger.” The entry proceeds to give us evocative examples of how striker was used in literary works written during the Stuart period. For those uncertain of the meaning of the term “whoremonger”, one dictionary provides the following definition:

Whoremonger

n. 1. A person who has dealings with prostitutes, especially a sexually promiscuous man.

Revisiting the Expositor Commentary

With this expanded appreciation for what the term “striker” meant to the King James translators (a meaning which clearly persisted among Bible-literate people to the beginning of the 20th century), let us look at what the Expositor claimed about those who would visit new converts arriving in Nauvoo:

“But what is taught them on their arrival at this place? They are visited by some of the Strikers, for we know not else what to call them…”

The writers of the Expositor were calling these men who visited the new converts wenchers, lewd men, whoremongers, sexually promiscuous men, men specifically not qualified for ecclesiastical office.

It was a vile slander, a slander that modern readers no longer understand.

Also lost on modern readers is exactly who was being slandered by implication. Martha Brotherton had produced an affidavit in 1842 that described how she was visited by Heber Kimball and Brigham Young. Aside from Martha’s specific assertion, senior leaders who had been missionaries to foreign converts would take it upon themselves to visit the new immigrants and ensure they were welcomed into the Nauvoo community.

The Expositor planted not just seeds but full-blown seditious doubts regarding the intent of Church leaders in visiting new converts.

Ironically, it is known the men associated with producing the Expositor had been involved in illicit intercourse with multiple women. Details regarding William Law’s adultery are scant, but Chauncey Higbee’s sexual exploits are well documented.

Now that I have a better appreciation for what the KJV translators meant by the term “striker”, I am pleased to retain “striker” as my word for the men who pressured women to participate in illicit intercourse.


Striker 44

The 1950s and �s were a time of great activity and innovation in the boating world, with new boats and a new audience waiting to buy them. There were new ways to build them, too. Even as fiberglass construction was becoming the method of choice, some builders looked to other materials.

Herbert Phillips was one of them. He started out building steel skiffs and fishing boats at a shop on New York’s Long Island in 1951 before moving to Pompano Beach, Florida, in 1954. Three years later, he moved the building end of his Striker Boats business to the Netherlands and soon was producing steel fishing boats up to 50 feet.

Striker’s sea change came in the �s, when the company began building boats of welded aluminum. According to Phillips, aluminum had several advantages, chief among them it didn’t corrode like steel and was lighter than fiberglass.

The Striker 44 was introduced in 1968 as the world’s first all-aluminum production sportfishing boat. The rugged welded hulls gained a reputation for offshore performance, ready to “handle serious seas and still fish hard.”

The Striker 44 rode a proprietary Pentapolymeric hull built of quarter-inch welded aluminum. With its sharp, convex forefoot, midships planing surfaces and “trimaran transom,” the diesel boat could plane at 13 knots and top out near 30.

The company brochure touted the 44’s “Scandinavian dຜor blended with the ultimate in American contemporary design and equipment.” The layout included a pair of staterooms — the master with a twin bed, and a V-berth forward. Galley-up and galley-down layouts came with a three-burner electric stove with an oven and rotisserie, and a refrigerator/freezer.

The teak-trimmed saloon, decorated with deep-pile carpeting and an L-shaped settee, had a helm station with a destroyer wheel. The flybridge had an island console, dual controls and an adjustable helm seat with a companion seat.

Striker went on to build larger aluminum boats, and for a time it offered welding repairs to owners around the world who damaged their boats.


10. Didier Drogba

Love him or loathe him, and there are plenty who fall into each category, Didier Drogba's eight years of exemplary service to Chelsea mark him out as one of the great Premier League strikers.

Signed in 2004 at the start of the Roman Abramovich and Jose Mourinho revolution, the Ivory Coast native's decision to leave Marseille for Stamford Bridge was immediately vindicated.

In his first season, Drogba bagged 10 goals and set up a further five to make an important contribution to the Blues' first title in 50 years.

In total Drogba hit 100 league goals for Chelsea, playing a vital part in the transformation that saw the club go from London's fourth biggest team to a major force in European football.


Joachim Streich

Ranking just behind Gerd Mueller and Miroslav Klose on the list of all-time scoring leaders for a German national team is Joachim Streich, who scored 55 times in 102 appearances for country. His record is not generally recognized, given that the national team for which he played was East Germany. But Streich's tally is nonetheless very impressive.

A two-time East German Footballer of the Year and bronze medal winner at the 1972 Olympics, Streich is a legend of East German football, particularly at Magdeburg, where he served for 10 years. The above video shows Streich at his best during the 1982-83 season.


Twitter Thread Explains Why Thierry Henry Is 'The Most Overrated Striker In History'

Henry is often regarded as one of the Premier League's greatest players and was one of the world's top stars during his time at Arsenal.

But Twitter user @OdoiSZN20_ has compiled a thread of 'only facts and no opinions' to show the Frenchman was overrated in his prime.

THREAD: Thierry Henry - The most overrated striker in history.

The bottler exposed with only facts and no opinions:thumbsup: pic.twitter.com/59Mwm1HBut

- :flag_bg: (Fan Account) (@OdoiSZN20_) April 17, 2020

The thread goes on to show vital Champions League games that saw Arsenal eliminated from the competition, with Henry missing vital chances in all three ties.

2002 CL group stage. Arsenal vs Juventus. If Arsenal win, they go through.

Henry missed a tap in, a penalty and didn't lay it off in a 3 v 1. Arsenal go out group stages 2nd year in a row because Henry choked.

2004 Champions League QF. Chelsea vs Arsenal. Henry failed to score in both legs and Invincibles knocked out because Henry choked.

2006 Champions League final. Henry missed 2 big chances. The most embarrassing when he was 1v1 with Valdes. He choked. Arsenal lost because he missed

His stats in cup finals are also brought up in comparison to former Chelsea striker Didier Drogba.

Henry's scoring record in finals for the Gunners is poor, failing to net in all nine finals.

Drogba, meanwhile, managed to net 10 goals in 10 cup finals and it's stated that 'You can't be great and not be clutch.'

Henry played in 9 cup finals, scored 0 goals. Drogba played in 10 cup finals. Scored 10 goals.

Henry was notoriously terrible in big games. You can't be "great" and not be clutch. You can't think of any player in any sport that isn't clutch but is great. pic.twitter.com/05nwdEUfA3

- :flag_bg: (Fan Account) (@OdoiSZN20_) April 17, 2020

Henry left Arsenal in 2007 and swapped North London for Spain, signing for Barcelona.

The thread criticises him for that move and claims he tried to 'piggyback' off Lionel Messi and Samuel Eto'o, two of Barcelona's best players in their Champions League winning campaign of 2009.